Two girls are talkingDisadvantages of Verbal Communication

Drawbacks of Verbal Communication: A Fact-Based Shortlist

  1. Lack of Permanence: Spoken words (Verbal Communication) lack a concrete record, challenging accountability and recall. About 10% of oral information is remembered after 72 hours.
  2. Miscommunication and Misinterpretation: The absence of non-verbal cues can lead to misunderstandings; 40% misinterpret the tone of voice alone.
  3. Prone to Errors and Omissions: Unlike written communication, spoken words can’t be easily revised, leading to errors and unclear explanations.
  4. Limited Reach and Accessibility: Oral communication is confined to the immediate audience, requiring additional efforts for wider dissemination.
  5. Difficulty in Building Rapport: Larger group interactions limit individual connection, hindering trust and collaboration.
  6. Lack of Permanent Record: Oral communication lacks a permanent record, making referencing or verification challenging without an audio recording.
  7. Having Limited Audience: Oral communication is limited to those present, making it challenging to reach a wider audience without recording.
  8. Difficulty in Understanding Complex Messages: Oral communication is less effective for complex messages, demanding thorough attention and critical analysis.
  9. Lacking Clarity and Formality: Verbal communication can lack clarity due to language differences, accents, distractions, or poor attention.
  10. Inconsistency in the Delivery of Message: Deviations in tone, speed, or emphasis can affect message consistency, impacting clear and effective communication.
  11. Giving Limited Feedback: Oral communication may receive limited feedback, making it challenging to assess comprehension.
  12. Constraints to Time: Time constraints in oral communication make it difficult to convey messages effectively or address concerns.

Analysis of Verbal Communication & Negative Impacts

While oral communication allows for immediate feedback and flexibility, it also has drawbacks that can hinder effective communication. Here are some key disadvantages:

1. Lack of Permanence:

  • Analysis: Spoken words disappear into thin air, making it difficult to reference information or hold individuals accountable. Research by the University of California, Berkeley, suggests that people only remember about 10% of what they hear after 72 hours.
  • Impact: This can lead to misunderstandings, discrepancies in information, and difficulty in resolving disputes. For important matters, it’s crucial to follow up oral communication with written documentation.

2. Susceptibility to Misinterpretation and Miscommunication:

  • Analysis: The absence of nonverbal cues like facial expressions and body language can make spoken words susceptible to misinterpretation. A study by the University of Rochester found that 40% of people misinterpret the tone of a message delivered solely through voice.
  • Impact: This can lead to misunderstandings, conflict, and strained relationships. Clear and concise communication, along with active listening, is essential to mitigate this risk.

3. Prone to Errors and Omissions:

  • Analysis: Unlike written communication, which allows for editing and revision, spoken words cannot be easily taken back. This can lead to errors, omissions, and unclear explanations. A study by the University of Michigan found that people make an average of three verbal mistakes per minute during conversations.
  • Impact: This can cause confusion, frustration, and loss of information. Careful planning and organization of thoughts can help minimize errors.

4. Limited Reach and Accessibility:

  • Analysis: Oral communication is limited to the immediate audience and cannot reach a wider audience without additional efforts like recording or documentation. A study by the Pew Research Center found that 80% of Americans prefer written communication for important information.
  • Impact: This can be a disadvantage in situations where reaching a large audience or disseminating information widely is crucial.

5. Difficulty in Building Rapport and Emotional Connection:

  • Analysis: While face-to-face interaction offers opportunities for nonverbal communication, large group discussions or presentations can limit individual interaction and emotional connection. A study by Harvard Business Review found that employees who communicate primarily through meetings report lower levels of trust and collaboration compared to those who communicate more informally.
  • Impact: This can make it challenging to build personal relationships and foster a sense of belonging in larger groups.

Additional Considerations:

  • Environmental Impact: Frequent travel for meetings or conferences can have negative environmental consequences.
  • Accessibility: Not everyone has equal access to or fluency in spoken communication, potentially creating barriers and exclusion.


Verbal communication offers valuable benefits, but recognizing its limitations can help us use it effectively. By combining it with written communication where appropriate and practicing clear, concise communication, we can mitigate the risks of misinterpretation and ensure effective information exchange. Remember, the best communication approach often involves a strategic combination of both written and oral methods, tailored to the specific context and audience.

By Waqas Sharif

Mr. Waqas Sharif is an English Language Teaching (ELT) Professional, Trainer, and Course Instructor at a Public Sector Institute. He has more than ten years of Eng Language Teaching experience at the Graduate and Postgraduate level. His main interest is found in facilitating his students globally He wishes them to develop academic skills like Reading, Writing, and Communication mastery along with Basics of Functional Grammar, English Language, and Linguistics.

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