What are Nouns
Nouns are words that name people, places, things, or ideas. Common nouns and proper nouns are the two types of nouns given below.
A common noun is a general name for a person, place, thing, or idea. Examples of common nouns include boy, city, book, and love.
Common and Proper Nouns Video
|Common nouns are usually written in lowercase letters unless they appear at the beginning of a sentence or are part of a title.||Common nouns are words that refer to general people, places, things, or ideas, rather than specific individuals or entities. They are not capitalized unless they appear at the beginning of a sentence or are part of a title.||Examples: city, teacher, dog, tree, happiness|
|Lowercase||Countable examples: book, cat, chair, friend Non-countable examples: water, milk, air, love||Example: boy, girl, school, park, computer|
|Countability||Common nouns can be countable or non-countable, depending on whether they refer to things that can be counted or not. Countable nouns can be singular or plural, while non-countable nouns are usually singular.||Countable examples: book, cat, chair, friend Non-countable examples: water, milk, air, love|
|Concreteness||Common nouns can refer to concrete objects or abstract concepts. Concrete nouns are things that can be seen, touched, or smelled, while abstract nouns are ideas, emotions, or concepts.||Concrete example: table, car, house, flower Abstract example: love, happiness, freedom, justice|
|Widely Used||Common nouns are used frequently in everyday language and are essential for effective communication. They help us refer to everyday objects and concepts. They are often used in combination with other words to form phrases or compound nouns.||Examples: book club, apple pie, high school, coffee shop, parking lot|
A proper noun is a specific name for a person, place, thing, or idea. Examples of proper nouns include John, New York City, Harry Potter, and Valentine’s Day.
|Proper nouns are used less frequently than common nouns and are often used in specific contexts or situations. They may also be used to emphasize a specific entity or to add formality to a piece of writing.||Proper nouns refer to specific individuals, places, or things. They are capitalized regardless of where they appear in a sentence.||Examples: John, Paris, Eiffel Tower, Coca-Cola|
|Capitalization||Proper nouns are always capitalized, even if they appear in the middle of a sentence.||Examples: Mount Everest, United States, Disney World, Harry Potter|
|Singularity||Proper nouns are usually singular, although some may be plural.||Singular examples: Mary, Empire State Building, Mona Lisa Plural examples: The Beatles, The Smiths, The Avengers|
|Unique Identity||Proper nouns are used to identify a unique individual, place, or thing, and are not used to refer to a general category or group. They help to distinguish one entity from another.||Examples: Statue of Liberty, Barack Obama, Amazon.com, Taj Mahal|
|Limited Usage||Proper nouns are used less frequently than commonnouns and are often used in specific contexts or situations. They may also be used to emphasize a specific entity or to add formality to a piece of writing.||Examples: The White House, The Mona Lisa, The Great Wall of China, Oxford University|
Key Difference Between Common and Proper Nouns
To help remember the difference between common and proper nouns, think of common nouns as things that are common and ordinary, while proper nouns are specific and unique.
It’s important to know the difference between common and proper nouns because they are capitalized differently in writing. Proper nouns are always capitalized, while common nouns are only capitalized if they begin a sentence or are part of a title.
|Features||Common Nouns||Proper Nouns|
|Capitalization||Common nouns are not capitalized unless at the start of a sentence or part of a title.||Proper nouns are always capitalized.|
|Specificity||Common nouns refer to general people, places, things, or ideas.||Proper nouns refer to specific individuals, places, or things.|
|Unique Identity||Common nouns are not used to identify a unique entity.||Proper nouns are used to identify a unique entity.|
|Countability||Common nouns can be countable or non-countable.||Proper nouns are usually not countable.|
|Examples||boy, city, book, love, dog||John, Paris, The Mona Lisa, Coca-Cola, Mount Everest|
For example, “boy” is a common noun, whereas “John” is a proper noun because it refers to a specific individual. “City” is a common noun, whereas “Paris” is a proper noun because it refers to a specific place. “Book” is a common noun, whereas “The Mona Lisa” is a proper noun because it refers to a specific thing. “Love” is a common noun, whereas “Coca-Cola” is a proper noun because it refers to a specific brand. “Dog” is a common noun, whereas “Mount Everest” is a proper noun because it refers to a specific place.
List of Common and Proper Nouns with Examples
|Common Nouns||Proper Nouns||Example Sentences|
|city||Paris||I visited the city of Paris last summer.|
|animal||Giraffe||The giraffe at the zoo was very tall.|
|month||January||January is the first month of the year.|
|country||Italy||We went on a trip to Italy last year.|
|food||Pizza||My favorite food is pizza.|
|planet||Earth||We live on planet Earth.|
|job||Teacher||My mom is a teacher.|
|bird||Parrot||My favorite bird is Parrot.|
|language||Spanish||I’m learning Spanish in school.|
|sport||soccer||I love playing soccer with my friends.|
|tree||Oak||The leaves on the oak tree turned red in the fall.|
|book||Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone||I read Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone over the summer.|
|boy||Jack||Jack is my best friend.|
|girl||Emma||Emma has a new bike.|
|car||Toyota Camry||My dad drives a Toyota Camry.|
|movie||The Lion King||I watched The Lion King with my family last night.|
|store||Walmart||We went to Walmart to buy groceries.|
|planet||Mars||Scientists are studying the planet Mars.|
|river||Nile||The Nile River is the large river in the world.|
|book series||Diary of a Wimpy Kid||I love reading the Diary of a Wimpy Kid book series.|
|animal||Elephant||The elephant at the zoo was playing with a ball.|
|holiday||Christmas||The Amazon River is in South America.|
|city||New York||I’ve always wanted to visit New York City.|
|drink||Coffee||I like to drink coffee in the morning.|
|game||Monopoly||We played Monopoly for hours last night.|
|mountain||Mount Everest||Climbing Mount Everest is a big accomplishment.|
|fruit||Banana||I ate a banana for breakfast this morning.|
|school||Lincoln Elementary||I go to Lincoln Elementary School.|
|book||Charlotte’s Web||Charlotte’s Web is a classic children’s book.|
|job||Doctor||My dad is a doctor.|
|color||Green||The grass outside is green.|
|country||Japan||I want to visit Japan someday.|
|sport||Basketball||I played basketball after school with my friends.|
|building||Empire State Building||We went to the top of the Empire State Building to see the view.|
|animal||Lion||The lion at the zoo was proud.|
|month||December||December is my favorite month because of Christmas.|
|food||spaghetti||My mom makes the best spaghetti.|
|river||Amazon||The lion at the zoo was proudly.|
|movie||Frozen||I watched Frozen with my little sister.|
|planet||Jupiter||Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system.|
|girl||Olivia||Olivia is in my class at school.|
|car||Honda Civic||My mom drives a Honda Civic.|
|store||Target||We went to Target to buy new clothes.|
|tree||Maple||The maple tree in my backyard has beautiful leaves in the fall.|
|book||The Cat in the Hat||I love reading The Cat in the Hat.|
|sport||Football||I like watching football games on TV.|
In conclusion, common and proper nouns are two different types of nouns used in the English language. Common nouns refer to general people, places, things, or ideas, while proper nouns refer to specific individuals, places, or things. Common nouns are usually not capitalized, while proper nouns are always capitalized. Common nouns are used more frequently than proper nouns, and they are essential for effective communication. Proper nouns, on the other hand, are used less frequently but are crucial for identifying unique entities. Understanding the difference between common and proper nouns is essential for effective communication and writing in English.
Download Common and Proper Nouns Pdf
Common and Proper Nouns FAQs
A common noun is a noun that refers to general people, places, things, or ideas. It is not a specific noun that identifies a unique entity. For example, the words “girl,” “car,” and “city” are common nouns. On the other hand, a proper noun is a noun that identifies a specific entity, such as a person, place, or thing. Proper nouns always start with a capital letter. For example, the words “John,” “Paris,” and “Mona Lisa” are proper nouns.
In general, a proper noun should always be capitalized, whereas a common noun should only be capitalized if it is at the beginning of a sentence or part of a title. For example, “New York City” is a proper noun that should always be capitalized, while “city” is a common noun that should only be capitalized if it is at the beginning of a sentence or part of a title.
Yes, a common noun can be a name or a brand. For example, “apple” can refer to a fruit or to the company that makes iPhones and MacBooks.
Yes, there is a difference between countable and non-countable nouns. Countable nouns refer to things that can be counted, while non-countable nouns refer to things that cannot be counted. For example, “book” is a countable noun because you can count how many books you have, whereas “water” is a non-countable noun because you cannot count how many waters you have. Countability is a property of both common and proper nouns.
Yes, a proper noun can be plural or possessive. To form the plural of a proper noun, you generally add “-s” to the end of the word. For example, the plural of “John” is “Johns.” To form the possessive of a proper noun, you generally add an apostrophe and “-s” to the end of the word. For example, “John’s car” refers to a car that belongs to John.
There are a few exceptions to the rule of capitalizing proper nouns, such as the words “a,” “an,” and “the.” For example, you would write “the United States of America” with the capital “U” and “S” for “United States,” but you would write “the” with a lowercase “t.”
Yes, a common noun can be used as a proper noun in certain contexts. For example, if you call someone “Doctor,” you are using a common noun as a proper noun to refer to that person’s specific profession.
To identify a common noun in a sentence, look for a general person, place, thing, or idea. To identify a proper noun in a sentence, look for a specific name, place, or thing that is capitalized. For example, in the sentence “John went to New York City,” “John” is a proper noun because it refers to a specific person, and “New York City” is a proper noun because it refers to a specific place and is capitalized. “Went” and “to” are not nouns.
Yes, a proper noun can be used as a common noun. For example, if you say “I ate a sandwich made with cheddar cheese,” “cheddar” is a proper noun that is being used as a common noun to refer to a type of cheese.
No, it is not always necessary to use an article before a common noun. It depends on the context of the sentence. For example, in the sentence “I went to the store,” “store” is a common noun that does not require an article because it refers to a general place. However, in the sentence “I went to the store on Main Street,” “store” is still a common noun but “the” is used because it is referring to a specific store on a specific street.