- A fact is a statement that we can back up with evidence or put to the test through experimentation.
- Besides, we can compare it to a measurable standard that is universally acceptable.
- So, whatever is true and justifiable, we call it a fact.
- Then, we can prove a statement of fact to conform to our daily life experience, which is the most common criterion for a statement of fact.
- So, to double-check information, we frequently use standard reference materials.
- A person’s belief, sentiment, personal understanding, or position regarding anything forms the basis of an opinion. So, it’s partially Subjective.
- Because, everyone does not agree equally with you, or the statement you make based on your likes or dislikes.
- So, we use personal interpretations to form opinions, which we cannot support with evidence.
Fact vs Opinion
To differentiate between fact and opinion, you must understand that you agree with a fact. And, you disagree with an opinion. Because a fact is always based on truth, or it can be proved as true or false. Whereas, you have an open choice to agree or disagree with the opinion of someone. Last, if a fact is true, it means that the statement is trustworthy and useful. Similarly, if you agree with an opinion, it becomes a useful and trustworthy statement. In our everyday life, we use both opinions and facts in spoken as well as written discourse. For example, we can write an essay or a paragraph based on facts and opinions.
Table of Key Differences between Fact and Opinion
|A fact is a statement that can be proven or verified to be true or false through objective evidence or observation.
|An opinion is a personal view or belief about something that cannot be proven or disproven as true or false.
|The earth revolves around the sun.
|The movie was boring.
|Basis of Statement
|Facts are based on objective evidence or observations that can be independently verified.
|Opinions are based on personal beliefs, emotions, and preferences.
|Facts can be proven or disproven through empirical evidence or scientific methods.
|Opinions cannot be proven or disproven as they are subjective in nature.
|Facts are important for making informed decisions, understanding reality, and communicating accurately.
|Opinions are important for expressing personal preferences, values, and beliefs.
|Use in Writing
|Facts are used to support arguments, provide evidence, and establish credibility in writing.
|Opinions are used to express personal perspectives, interpretations, and evaluations in writing.
The table above highlights the key differences between fact and opinion, including their definitions, examples, basis of statement, verification, importance, and use in writing. Understanding the distinction between fact and opinion is crucial for effective communication and decision-making. Facts are objective and verifiable, while opinions are subjective and based on personal beliefs and preferences. Incorporating this knowledge into your writing can enhance your credibility and ensure your arguments are supported by evidence.
Fact and Opinion Examples
|There are seven continents in the world.
|She enjoys Asia as the most beautiful one.
|The earth is round.
|The earth is the planet of many creatures.
|The Summer follows the spring.
|Everyone likes the Spring.
|The 2010 world cup took place in South Africa.
|The 2010 world cup remained successful.
|Cigarettes cause lung cancer.
|Cigarettes are the biggest cause of lung cancer.
|The sun rises in the East.
|The sun is known as the oldest star.
|China has 1.412 billion Population.
|The Chinese population is under control now.
|New York is situated in the USA.
|New York is a famous state.
|The rose is red.
|I like roses.
|The old man is eighty years old.
|The old man is an honest person.
Evaluation of Fact-based Statements
You should keep in mind the following guidelines since not all of the evidence you gather will be equally valuable:
- Your actions and justifications must be relevant to your subject.
- Avoid making snap judgments that your evidence does not support or point you toward.
- Your justification must be adequate. Because incomplete evidence can lead to false conclusions.
You should use relevant evidence. For example, if you run a poll to gather your evidence, ensure you get responses from a varied population rather than just people or groups whose opinions are the same as yours.
Your fact must be verifiable. It is possible or unlikely that two occurrences that take place near together in time or space are causally connected. For instance, the fact that an accident happened the day after new traffic signs were installed at a crosswalk does not imply that the signs were to blame. With relevant information and reasoning, you must show how the two occurrences are related.
Evaluation of Opinion-based Statements
Evaluating an opinion-based statement can be a tricky task, especially when the statement is based on the beliefs and feelings of an individual. The first thing that you need to do is identify the objective facts or evidence that support the statement. This will help you to determine whether the opinion is based on any factual information or not.
Next, consider the source of the opinion. Is the person qualified to hold an opinion on the particular subject matter? Do they have any biases or conflicts of interest that may influence their opinion? It’s also important to consider the context in which the statement is being made. Is the opinion relevant to the situation or is it simply a broad generalization?
Finally, compare the opinion to other opinions on the subject. Are there other opinions that contradict or support the statement? Once you have evaluated these factors, you can develop your own opinion on the statement and decide whether or not you agree with it.