Four Basics of Good Writing
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What are the Basic Features of Academic Writing?

There are 4 Factors and 14 Features well-known as key to good academic writing. Let’s discuss them one by one and keep them in view whenever you need to cope with academic writing.

  • Takes into account what the students already know and need.
  • Accomplishes the writer’s goal.
  • Contains a unique and clear point.
  • Backs up the main idea by providing evidence that clarifies or verifies it.

The people or individuals who can really read whatever you write are your audiences. Your motivation for writing is your objective. The goal of your writing might be to explain, illustrate, or defend anything. Depending on your intended audience and goals, you’ll write differently for them.

14 Features of Academic Writing

14 Features of Good Writing 
14 Features of Academic Writing

1. Cohesion

Cohesion refers to the linking of sentences such that the entire text is clear and comprehensible. It can be obtained in a variety of ways, including by the use of conjunctions. Another is the use of terms like he, they, and that to relate phrases and sentences to something aforementioned.

2. Coherence

The logical relationship between concepts and ideas is referred to as coherence. Because, it makes writing more purposeful, fluid, and enjoyable. Coherence in writing aids readers in understanding how one point leads to the next. Individual concepts should be linked together to form a coherent whole. Transitions are an effective approach to increase coherence. When transitioning from one primary support point to another, use transitions. Also, whenever you wish to increase the rhythm of your work, make use of them.

Three important features of coherence are:

  • The Logical order
  • The Repetition of keywords
  • And, the Use of Transitional words and phrases

3. Comparison

The two basic comparative forms are. e.g.

  • The Pacific Ocean is significantly bigger than the Atlantic Ocean.
  • His work intrigues me more than hers.

4. Definitions

Definitions are usually in demand in academic work in two scenarios: To explain a word or phrase in the title in introductions.

To clarify a word or phrase that is either exceedingly technical, relatively recent, or has no commonly accepted definition in general.

5. Discussion

Numerous essay titles call on the author to consider all sides of an issue before deciding in favor of one side. These essays are sometimes referred to as ‘debate’, ‘for or against,’ or ‘argument’ essays.

6. Examples

When writing essays, it is generally preferable to back your claims with examples.

Compare the following:

  • Global warming poses a hazard to many flora and animals.
  • Global warming poses a hazard to many flora and animals.
  • The beech tree, for example, may go extinct in northern England within thirty years.

To support the primary premise, the second phrase includes precise facts about a plant species, a location, and a time frame.

7. Generalizations

Generalizations are quite beneficial in written writing. Because they may be used to portray complicated ideas or facts in a straightforward and easy-to-remember format:

  • Large corporations can provide greater job prospects.
  • Language is a vital medium of communication.

There are two ways of making a generalization:

a) Using the plural: Computers are practical devices.

b) Using the singular + definite article: A computer is a practical device. (Less common/more formal).

8. Numbers

The earth’s climate seems to be accumulating 3.3 billion metric tons of carbon yearly.

  • A total of 1,800 youngsters between the ages of 6 and 13 were chosen at random.
  • In a broad sense, numbers and figures are both employed to communicate about statistical information.

9. Opening Paragraphs

Introduce the subject by providing some basic information, such as:

  • The internet has become a significant instrument for academic study in recent years.
  • The utilisation of wind power to generate energy is gaining popularity.

10. References and Quotations

A reference acknowledges that you have used the ideas or facts of another writer in your written form: e.g.

  • The relationship between cancer and food was investigated by Steinbeck (1965).
  • Giving references is important for three reasons:
  1. To avoid being accused of plagiarising.
  2. Your work may get additional credibility as a result of the mention.
  3. Using the bibliography, the reader may locate the primary author.
  1. REFERENCES Brzeski, W. (1999) The Polish Housing Market www. (Access date 15 Feb. 2000)

11. Style

The technique in which one expresses one’s thoughts through language we refer it as a writing style. It contains personal qualities as well as linguistic decisions made by writers. It also involves the emotional effects of specific technologies on viewers. Its parts go beyond the fundamentals of spelling, grammar, and punctuation marks. The style of writing refers to the words, phrase structure, and paragraph structure that we employ to effectively express meaning. The writer’s style refers to how he or she goes about doing things. (according to Wikipedia)

12. Synonyms

  To give diversity and interest for the reader, it is vital to discover synonyms when writing: e.g.

  • A decent synonym for a corporation is a firm, however a boss is too informal for a management.

13. Variation in Sentence Length

Short phrases are easier to read and understand: Long and short sentences are commonly used in effective writing.

14. Visual Information

Graphs and tables, for example, are useful visual aids. They present a vast amount of data in a way that is rapid and easy to comprehend.


English Language Teaching Professional

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