Paragraph Writing Structure
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What is a Paragraph Writing?

  • A paragraph is a group of connected sentences that address a single subject or idea.
  • The supporting details and a conclusion sentence are the other components.
  • A well-ordered paragraph is one that is strategically arranged as a whole.

Table of Contents

Paragraph writing is a text’s basic building unit. So, well-organized paragraphs not only support readers in following the argument, but also assist authors in properly structuring their ideas.
Descriptive paragraphs frequently provide a lot of information, whereas introductory paragraphs often include definitions. The subsequent sentences in a paragraph provide instances, justifications, and restatement.

The topic sentence, the body, and the ending sentence are all required elements of a paragraph.

Basics of Topic Sentence
Basics of Topic Sentence

Structure of Paragraph Writing

1. The Topic Sentence

It states the main point. Most probably, the first sentence of the paragraph appears as the topic sentence.

2. The Body

It supports (shows, explains, or proves) the main point with support sentences that contain facts and details.

3. The Concluding Sentence

It gives the readers reminder of the main point and to make an observation.

Supporting Details in paragraph writing
Basics of Good Supporting Details

2. Analyze the following paragraph after Reading.

(1)Living in large cities causes major challenges for individuals all over the world. (2a) The first issue is pollution in the air. In Lahore, for example, many individuals own vehicles, which contributes to air pollution. (2b) Second, traffic is a significant issue for those who live in large cities. Nowadays, there are an increasing number of automobiles on the road, resulting in traffic jams in many areas of cities. As a result, many residents lose time stuck in traffic and suffer as a result of this scenario. (3) To summarise, air pollution and traffic congestion are two major issues that residents of large cities face.

Organization                                 Problems in Big Cities
The Topic Sentence
The Supporting Sentences  
The Concluding Sentence
(1) Living in large cities causes major challenges for individuals all over the world. (2a) The first issue is pollution in the air. In Lahore, for example, many individuals own vehicles, which contributes to air pollution. (2b) Second, traffic is a significant issue for those who live in large cities. Nowadays, there are an increasing number of automobiles on the road, resulting in traffic jams in many areas of cities. As a result, many residents lose time stuck in traffic and suffer as a result of this scenario. (3) To summarise, air pollution and traffic congestion are two major issues that residents of large cities face.
Example Paragraph

3 Logical Orders of a Paragraph

Actually, a paragraph order refers to the pattern in which we communicate our ideas in writing: what comes first, what comes next, and so on. And, there are three kinds of paragraph orders:Time order (also known as a chronological sequence), space order, and order of importance”. These are three basic methods of organizing — or arranging — our thoughts.

3 Orders of a Paragraph
Orders of a Paragraph

Time Order

It is used to write about events and to organize points according to the order in which they occurred (chronological order). When we’re writing about events, it’s better to write in chronological sequence. We can start with:

  • From first to last/last to first.
  • From the most recent to least recent / least recent to the most recent.

Space Order

To explain Objects, Places, or People, use spatial order to organize ideas. So that your readers can visualize your topic in the same manner you do. So, when writing about a physical thing, location, or person’s look, space order is typically the best choice.

We can move from:

  • Top to the bottom/bottom to the top
  • Near to far/far to near
  • Left to right/right to left
  • Back to front/front to back

Order of Importance

To emphasize a specific point or to organize facts according to their great significance, interest, or surprise value, use the order of importance. But, the most crucial items are usually saved until last.

Unity and Coherence in a Paragraph Writing

Unity & Coherence in a Paragraph
Unity & Coherence in a Paragraph

The unity in a Paragraph

In writing, unity indicates that all of our points are connected to our main ideas and are unified in support of it.

The coherence in Paragraph

In writing, coherence implies that all of our contributions come together to make a whole. Coherence in writing aids readers in understanding how one point leads to the next. So, Individual concepts should be linked together to form a coherent whole. The use of transition words (Conjunctions) is an effective technique to promote coherence.

By ES

English Language Teaching Professional

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