9 Types of Paragraphs
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What is a Paragraph

A paragraph is a collection of interrelated sentences that create one main concept or theme. Topic Sentence, Supporting Details, and Conclusion are the three primary sections of a complete paragraph.

There are nine types of paragraphs given with examples below.

Table of Contents

1. Narrative Paragraph

A kind paragraph writing that tells or narrates important stories

Narration is a type of writing in which the author narrates the tale of an event or experience. It has a suitable beginning, middle, and conclusion.

Four Basics of Good Narration

  • Indicates something crucial to you (your main point).
  • Contains all of the story’s significant events (primary support).
  • Brings the narrative to life by describing the important events in detail (secondary support).
  • Depicts the events in a logical sequence, generally in chronological order.

The primary point, we generally disclose at the beginning or end of a writer’s narration.

Support in Narrations

Support in narration refers to the significant events you include (primary support) and the information you provide the reader about those occurrences (secondary support). Your evidence should establish your major point – what the tale is all about.

Topic Sentence Example
Main Point Example of Narrative Paragraph

Giving Details about Narrative Events

Include illustrations and explanations in your narrative to make each occurrence more realistic and particular to your audience. You want your readers to perceive the narrative through your eyes seeing the same message as you do. Give your readers useful information by including details that help them envision and understand each occurrence.

Organization in Narrative Paragraphs

We use Time Order narration to convey events in the order in which they occurred. A narrative begins at the start of the story and narrates the events as they progress. The narration eventually concludes (“the end”) when the major subject has been explored or settled.

Transitions Used in Narrative Paragraphs

at lastfirstnowthen
Subordinating Conjunctions Used in Narrative Paragraphs

2. Illustrative Paragraph

A kind of Paragraph that explains things with examples

An illustration is a type of writing that employs examples to demonstrate, explain, or illustrate a subject. The foundation of all successful speaking and writing is the use of examples: You make a claim and then provide an example that demonstrates (illustrates) your point.

Four Basics of Good Illustration

  1.  Having a central IDEA.
  2. It provides concrete EXAMPLES to demonstrate, explain, or illustrate the concept.
  3. Provides information to back up the examples.
  4. It utilizes a sufficient number of instances to persuade the reader.
The main point in Illustration
Main Point Example in Illustrative Paragraph

Usage of Illustration

Because it’s impossible to explain something without examples, pictures are utilized in almost every type of communication and its functions, including in academics, business, and everyday life.

Support in Illustrative Paragraphs

In the illustration, supporting facts and examples are used to assist readers to grasp your main idea. The easiest method to produce strong descriptive examples is to use one or more of the prewriting procedures. Begin by writing down all of the instances that come to mind. Then look over your examples and choose the ones that will be the best writing that assists your readers in understanding what you’re trying to express.

Organization in Illustrative Paragraphs

The order of significance is frequently used in illustration, with the most powerful example coming last. If the instances are provided in chronological sequence, they might also be sorted by period.

Use of Transitions in Illustrative Paragraphs

alsofirst, second,for instance
in addition
so on
for one thing/one example/
finallyfor examplefor anotheranother example
Subordinating Conjunctions for Illustrative Writing

Note: Let the readers know if you’re starting a new example or transitioning from one to the next.

3. Descriptive Paragraph

A Kind of Paragraph that creates pictures in words

A description is a piece of writing that paints a vivid and accurate image of the subject. A description is an act of expressing your sentiments about someone, somewhere, or something in words, generally using the five senses: touch, hearing, sight, taste, and smell.

Four Basics of Good Description

  • It provides a major impression of the subject – an overall impact, sensation, or picture.
  • It supports the primary point with particular instances.
  • Details that appeal to the five senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch, are used to support those instances.
  • For the reader, it brings a person, a location, or a physical thing to life.

Main Point in Descriptive Paragraph

The essential thing in the description is the overall image you want to give your readers. If you don’t have a powerful impression of your subject, consider how it smells, sounds, feels, looks, tastes, or looks.

The main point in Descriptive Writing
Main Point Example in Descriptive Paragraphs

Support in Description

Supporting is the particular, tangible elements in the description that depict the sights, sounds, scents, tastes, and textures of your topic. Instead of just telling your readers what you mean, your description should demonstrate it. Adding sensory elements to your description may help it come to life. Here are a few traits to think about.

Organization in Descriptive Paragraphs

Depending on the aim of the description, any of the organizational orders — time, space, or importance — can be used. You could utilize temporal sequence if you’re writing to convey the major impression of an event (for example, a description of fireworks, an explosion, or a storm). If you’re describing how someone or something appears, the most frequent technique to structure a description is to utilize space order. You might utilize the order of priority and save the most important detail for last if a detail within your subject is the most important.

Transitions Used in Descriptive Paragraphs

of Time
of Space
Transitions of
at last
at the bottom/top
in particular
in front of
even more
next to
most vivid
to the left/right
to the side
Conjunctions use in Descriptive Paragraphs

4. Process Analysis Paragraph

A Paragraph that explains how things happen step-by-step

Process analysis discusses either how to accomplish something (so that your readers can do it) or how anything works (so your readers can understand it). The phases engaged are shown in both forms of process analysis.

Four Basics of Good Process Analysis

  • Informs readers well about the process you’d like them to be aware of and makes a statement about it.
  • Outlines the key steps in the procedure.
  • Goes over each stage in great detail.
  • Lays out the methods in a logical sequence (usually in time order).

Examples: You use process analysis in many situations

  • AT COLLEGE: In a science class, you describe how shadows go by us.
  • AT WORK Y PLACE: You give instructions to describe how to perform something (a computer task).
  • IN EVERYDAY LIFE:  You compose a recipe for your mother.

Main Point in Process Analysis

The goal of the in-process analysis is to show how to accomplish something or how something works by describing the steps involved in the process. Your major point should state what you want readers to know about the process. Your topic sentence (paragraph) or thesis statement (essay) should make a point about the process rather than just stating it.

Main Point in Process Analysis
Main Point Example in Process Analysis Paragraph

Support in Process Analysis

In a process analysis, the steps provide support for your primary point. You probably aren’t aware of the procedures needed in tying your shoes, for example; you simply do them. When describing a process in the paper, though, you must think carefully about the different phases to avoid omitting any crucial ones. You must also know specific data, facts, or instances that will assist them in comprehending each stage. Consider what you’d need to know about each stage to comprehend or do it as you explain the procedure.

Organization in Process Analysis

Because it describes the phases of the process in the course of daily life, process analysis is frequently structured by time sequence (chronological). Time crossovers are used in process analysis to shift readers seamlessly from one phase to the next.

Transitions Used in Process Analysis Paragraph

at lastlatersince
Conjunctions use in Process Analysis Paragraphs

5. Classification Paragraph

Paragraph writing that categorizes things into Groups and Categories

Writing that classifies or arranges persons or stuff into groups is referred to as classification. It employs an organizing concept in the sorting of people or objects. The organizing concept is inextricably linked to the classification goal. For instance, you may sort clean clothes (your goal) according to one of the organizational principles below: property (yours, your classmates’), or where it goes (the bed-chamber, the washroom).

Four Basics of Good Classification

  • It makes sense
  • It organizes a collection of people or stuff into categories to make sense of them.
  • Its function is to sort individuals or objects.
  • It uses a single organizing concept to classify.
  • It provides thorough examples or explanations of what each category encompasses.
  • EVERYDAY EXAMPLE: You classify your typical monthly expenses to make a life budget.

Main Point in Classification

The most important aspect of categorization is that it employs a single organizing principle to arrange objects in a way that best fits your needs. The categories should assist you in achieving your goal.

Support in Classification

Support in categorization refers to the categories into which you classify data and the examples of items that fall into each category. You must first choose relevant categories, after which you must locate the greatest examples and explanations for these categories. Use transitions to lead your readers seamlessly from one group to the next as you compose your categorization.

Transitions Used in Classification Paragraphs

anotherfor instance

another kind
for example
first, second, third,last
and so onone example/
another example
Use of Conjunctions in Classification Paragraphs

6. Definition Paragraph

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­Specific kind of Paragraph that puts What something actually Means

Four Basics of Good Definition

  • Informs readers about the definition.
  • Provides a straightforward definition that is easy to understand.
  • Employs instances to demonstrate the writer’s point of view.
  • It goes into great depth regarding the instances so that readers may comprehend them.
Main Point in Definition
Main Point Example in Definition Paragraph

Main Point in Definition Paragraphs

The major point of a definition generally defines a word or idea. The major point is connected to your goal: to assist your readers in comprehending the phrase or notion as you use it.

Support in Definition

Definition support clarifies what a phrase or idea means by offering particular examples and providing information about the examples so that your readers understand what you’re talking about.

Organization in Definition

The definition’s examples are frequently arranged in order of relevance, which means that the example that will have the most influence on readers is reserved until last. In a definition, transitions let readers navigate from one example to the next. To connect paragraphs, use transitions inside each paragraph and also go from one to the next.

Transitions Used in Definition Paragraph

another; one/anotherfor example
another kindfor instance
first, second, thirdand so on
Use of Conjunctions in Definition Paragraphs

7. Comparison and Contrast Paragraph

A Paragraph that shows Similarities and Differences

A comparison is writing that demonstrates the similarities between subjects – persons, ideas, circumstances, or products; a contrast, on the other hand, demonstrates the differences.

Four Basics of Good Comparison and Contrast

  • Compares and contrasts subjects that have enough in common to be usefully compared and contrasted.
  • It provides a function, either in assisting readers in making a decision or in assisting them in comprehending the subject matter.
  • Presents several significant parallel comparative points.
  • Organises data in a logical sequence.
Comparison and Contrast
Comparison and Contrast Example

Understand Similarities and Differences with Examples

  • IN COLLEGE: you try comparing and contrasting the side effects of two medicines recommended for the same condition in a pharmacy course.
  • AT WORK: You have a task to compare and contrast this year’s sales to those of the previous year.
  • IN EVERYDAY LIFE: You compare varieties of the very same LIFE food at the store to determine which to purchase.

Main Point in Comparison and Contrast

The major objective of a comparison/contrast paragraph or essay connects to your aim. Comparing and contrasting subjects can serve a variety of reasons, including:

  • Assisting readers in making decisions regarding the subjects.
  • To help out readers in comprehending the topics.
  • Demonstrate your knowledge of the topics.
Main Point in Examples and Contrast
Main Point Example in Comparison and Contrast Paragraph

Support in Comparison and Contrast

The comparison/contrast support shows your central argument by demonstrating how your subjects are similar or unlike. We can use a list with two columns, one for each subject, and corresponding points of comparison or contrast to discover support.

Organization in Comparison and Contrast

There are two methods to structure a comparison/contrast: A point-by-point structure starts with one comparison or contrast between the subjects and proceeds on to the next. And, whole-to-whole arrangement shows all of the comparison or contrast elements for one subject before moving on to the next.

Transitions Used in Comparison and Contrast Paragraphs

most important similaritynow/then
one similarityone difference/
another difference
another similarityin contrast
Similarlymost important difference
Conjunctions used in Comparison and Contrast Paragraphs

8. Cause and Effect Paragraph

This kind of Paragraph Explains the Reasons or Results

9 Main Kinds of Paragraph Know With Examples
Cause and Effect Relationship

A cause is what brought about an event. So, what happens as a result of the event is called an effect.

Four Basics of Good Cause and Effect

  • The central point is reflected by the writer’s intent: to explain causes, effects, or both.
  • If the purpose is to explain reasons, it offers true causes.
  • If the purpose is to explain outcomes, it delivers true effects.
  • It gives the readers detailed examples or assessments of the causes and effects.

Cause and Effect situational Examples

  • COLLEGE: You need to identify nutritional deficiencies’ repercussions (effects) in a nutrition class.
  • WORK: Your company’s sales are dropping, and you need to explain why.
  • EVERY DAY: You express to your youngster why a particular action isn’t LIFE suitable by describing the consequences of that behavior.
Main point in Comparison and Contrast
Main Point Example in Cause and Effect

Support in Cause and Effect

NOTE: If you’re describing both causes and effects, start with the reasons and then go on to the effects. Use transitions to effortlessly take readers from one cause to the next, from one effect to the next, or from causes to effects. Because cause and effect may be organized in a variety of ways based on your needs, the following list is only a sampling of possible transitions.

Transitions Used in Cause and Effect Paragraphs

alsomore important/serious cause/effect
as a resultthe most important/serious cause/effect
becauseone cause/effect; another cause/effect
the first, second,a primary cause; a secondary cause
third cause/effecta short-term effect; a long-term effect
the final cause/effect
Conjunctions used in Cause and Effect Paragraphs

9. Argumentative (Persuasive) Paragraph

A paragraph that is logically Persuasive and Convincing

Argumentation or persuasion is a piece of writing that takes a stand on a topic and backs it up with facts to persuade someone else to adopt, or at least consider, the viewpoint. The argument, can also use to persuade someone to do (or not do) something. Argument aids in persuading others to see things your way, or at the very least to comprehend your point of view.

Four Basics of Good Argument

  • It takes a firm and unmistakable stance.
  • Then, it defends the position using strong explanations and accompanying facts.
  • Also, it takes into account competing viewpoints.
  • From beginning to end, it is full of passion and energy.

Main Point in Argumentative Paragraphs

The stance you adopt on the problem (or topic) about which you are writing is your key point in the argument.

Main Point in Pursuasuve or Argumentative Writing
Main Point Example in Argumentative (Persuasive) Paragraph

Support in Argument

A powerful perspective must be backed up by compelling arguments and facts. Remember that you’re trying to persuade readers that your point of view is correct. Consider competing viewpoints and conclude on a strong note by using strong explanations and supporting facts that will persuade your readers. Arguments and Proof the reasons you provide are the major justification for your stance. Evidence, such as facts, instances, and expert views, must be used to back up your claims.

Organization in Argument

Usually, arguments are arranged in order of significance, with the least important evidence coming first and the most persuasive rationale and evidence coming last. Transition your viewers from one supporting argument to the next via transitions. Here are some examples of transitions you may utilize in your presentation.

Transitions Used in Argumentative Paragraphs

above allmore important
alsomost important
best of allone fact/
especiallyanother fact
for exampleone reason/
another reason
in additionone thing/
in factanother thing
in particularworst of all
in the first (second, third) placethe first (second, third) point
Conjunctions used in Persuasive Paragraphs

Conclusion of Nine Types of Paragraphs

The conclusion is the final chance to persuade readers of your point of view. Make it spectacular and unforgettable. Remind your readers of the topic, your stance, and why you believe it is correct. Rekindle your zeal before writing your conclusion. Then go back and review what you’ve written. Write a strong conclusion as soon as you finish reading. Aim for a strong presence; you can always tone it down afterward.

By Waqas Sharif

Mr. Waqas Sharif is an English Language Teaching (ELT) Professional, Trainer, and Course Instructor at a Public Sector Institute. He has more than ten years of Eng Language Teaching experience at the Graduate and Postgraduate level. His main interest is found in facilitating his students globally He wishes them to develop academic skills like Reading, Writing, and Communication mastery along with Basics of Functional Grammar, English Language, and Linguistics.

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